Kolaborasi Antara Aparatur Birokrasi Pemerintah Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta dan Forum Pengurangan Risiko Bencana (FPRB) DIY Dalam Penyelenggaraan Penanggulangan Bencana di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

Dwi Agustina


Yogyakarta Special Region (DIY) can be regarded as a mini-disaster laboratory, this is because the potential for disaster in DIY is very big. DIY has 12 disaster threats: Flood, Epidemic & Outbreak, Extreme & Abrasion, Extreme & Abrasion, Earthquake, Tsunami, Failure Technology, Drought, Volcano Eruption, High winds, Landslide, Fire and Social Disasters.With the existence of several types of threats Disaster is certainly a challenge for the Government of Yogyakarta Special Region. The government is expected to be better prepared to reduce the risk of casualties in the event of a disaster. Implementation of disaster management can not be done by one party only, in accordance with the mandate of Act No. 24 of 2007 stating that the implementation of disaster management government should not do alone and must involve multi stakeholders.This research uses descriptive qualitative research method, with data collecting technique through direct observation, in-depth interview with Pemeriintah Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, BPBD, and some members of PRB Yogyakarta Forum. and review of written documentation.Local Government of Yogyakarta realized that multi-stakeholder involvement is needed in disaster management. on the basis of the initiation of various stakeholders involved in the implementation of disaster management during the earthquake bantul then formed a forum as a forum for gathering of stakeholders from various elements of the Forum Disaster Risk Reduction or more often called DIY DRR Forum. With this froum the actors perform their respective functions by coordinating and working together.This study, which refers to the collaboration between the DIY Government and DIY DRR Forum, has resulted that the implementation of Disaster Management in Yogyakarta has now been done by various multi-actors collaboratively. Each actor has been divided into roles according to their respective expertise. In Collaborative Governance can be seen through two dimensions of the Context System and the driving dimension. Through these two dimensions in this study see how the collaboration between DIY Government and Froum DRR DIY.


Disaster, Disaster Management, Multi Stakeholder, Collaborative Governance

Full Text:



Ansell dan Gash. 2007. Collaborative Governance in Theory and Practice, Journal of Public Administration Reesearch and Theory. Published by Oxford University Press

Balogh, S, dkk. 2011. An Integrative Framework for Collaborative Governance, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory.

Blaikie,P.2002.”Vulnerability and Disaster” dalam The Companion to Development Studies. V.Desai dan R.Potter (Eds). London:Arnold3

Charoengnngam, C., & Leungbootnak, N. (2005). Post-Tsunami Disaster Reconstruction Management : A Case Study of Thailand. Asian Institute og Technology.

Choi, T., & Robertson, P. J., Caucuses in collaborative governance: Modeling the for an emerging era; Public Administration Review, 70(s1), s89-s99; 2010

Coppola,D.P. (2007). Introduction to International Disaster Management. Burlington,MA:Elseiver.

Direktorat Riset dan Pengabdian Masyarakat. (2007). Kajian Kebijakan Penanggulangan Banjir di Indonesia,2007. Kajian Kebijakan Penanggulanga:Partisipasi Masyarakat. Jakarta.Universitas Indonesia

De Leeuw, A.C.J., 2000, Bedrijfskunding Management, Van Gorcum, Assen, Dutch

D.Ngar-yin dan P. Hills. 2010. Collaborative Governance for Sustainable Development: Wind ResourceAssessment in Xinjiang and Guangdong Province, China. Copyroght ©2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.Wiley online Library.

Dwiyanto, Agus. 2011. Manajemen Pelayanan Publik: Peduli, Inklusif, dan Kolaboratif. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University.

Dynes,RR., Quarentelli, E.L., & Kreps, G.A.(1972. A Perspective On Disaster. Newark:Disaster Research Center, University of Delaware.

Emergency Management Australia.1998. Australian Emergency Manual Series. Part I. Manual 3.ACT.Australia: EMA

Fadhilah,Ifan Rasyid.2013.Skripsi: Manajemen Jaringan Organisasional: Studi Kasus FPRB (Forum Pengurangan Resiko Bencana) Dalam Bencana Merapi 2010. Jurusan Politik dan Pemerintahan .UGM: Yogyakarta.

Fosler,R.S. (2002). Working Better Together : How Government, Business, and Profit Organizations Can Achieve Public Purposes through Cross Sector Collaborations, Aliances, and Partnership. Washington, D.C/ /; Independetn Sector

Gillespie, D.F., & Streeter, C.L. (1987). Conceptualizing and Measuring Disaster Preparedness. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disaters, 5 (2), pp.155-176 Godschalk,D.R.,(1991). Disaster Mitigation and Hazard Management. In T.Drabek&G.Hoetmer (Eds), Emergency Management: Priciples and Practice for Local Government. Washington, DC: International City Management Association.

Hardaker,J.B., Huirne R.B.M.and Anderson,J.R., 1997, Coping with risk in agriculture. CAB International, Wallingford, United Kingdom

Kaufan and Dake.2009. Understanding and Advancing Cross Sector Collaboration in Homeland Security and Emergency Management.

King,D. (2007). Organization in Disaster. Natural Hazards, 40, pp.657-665 Kirchenbaum,Alan.2004. Chaos Organization and Disaster Management.Marcel Dekker.New York

Kumorotomo, Wahyudi. dkk, 2013. Transformasi Pelayanan Jakarta Commuter Line: Studi Tentang Collaborative Governance di Sektor Publik. Jurusan Manajemen dan Kebijakan PUblik, FISIPOL, UGM

Kusumasari, Bevaola.2014.Manajemen Bencana dan Kapabilitas Pemerintah Lokal.Gava media: Yogyakarta.

Labadie,J.R.(1984).Problems in Local Emergency Management. Environmental Management. Pp 489-494

LIPI dan UNESCO,2006. Kajian kesiapsiagaan masyarakat dalan mengantisipasi bencana gempa bumi dan tsunami,LIPI, Jakarta

Masmuh.Abdullah, 2008. Komunikasi Organisasi Dalam Perspektif Teori dan Praktek, UPT Penerbitan UMM: Malang

McEntire,D.A.,&Myers,A.(2004). Preparing Communities for Disasters: Issues and Processes for Government Readiness. Disaster Prevention and Management,13(2). Pp.140-152

Michael, Bruce, Setiawan B dan Rahmi,D.H. 2000.Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam dan Lingkungan, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Mileti, D. S (1999). Disater by Design. Washington DC: Josepth Henry Press.

Moe,T.L., & Pathranarakul,P.(2006). An Integrated Approach to Natural Disaster Management: Public Project Management and Its Critical Succes Factors. Disaster Prevention and Management, 15 (3), 396-413

Moe, T.L Gehbauer, F., Senitz,s., & Mueller, M. (2007). Balanced Scorecard for Natural Disaster Management Project. Disaster Prevention and Management, 16 (5), 785-806

Moleong.Lexi J. 2005 .Metodologi Penelitian Kulitatif. PT.Remaja Rosdakarya:Bandung

Locke, L., Spirduso, W. W., & Silverman, S. (2000). Research proposals that work. 4th Edition. New York: Sage Publishing Co.

Pratikno. 2008. Manajemen Jaringan Dalam Perspektif Strukturasi . Jurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik Volume 12, Nomor 1 ( Mei 2008 ). Yogyakarta : MAP UGM.

Perry, R.W., & LIndell,M.K. (2003). Preparedness for Emergency Response: Guidelines for the Emergency Planning Process. Disasters, 27(4), pp.336-350

Perry, M. (2007) Natural Disaster Management Planning: A Studi of Logistics Managers Responding to the Tsunami. International Journal og Physical Distribution and logistics Management, Nol.37 No.5, pp. 409-433

Robbins,P.Stephen. and timothy A.Judge, 2009, Organizational Behavior, 13 ͭ ͪ Edition, Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, PP.209-586

Shaluf,I.M.(2008). Technologival Disaster Stages and Management. Disaster Prevention and Management.17 (1),pp.114-126

Sink, D.W. (1998). “Interorganizational Collaboration”, dalam Shafaritz,J.M. (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Public Policy and Administration. Boulder, CO: Westview

Stake, R. (1995). The art of case study research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage pp. 49-68). Sutara, Agus Ardianto, 2001. Atasi Konflik Etnis, Global Pustaka, Yogyakarta

Tingsanchali, T. (2005). Tsunami Attacks and Disaster Management. Paper presented at the Presentation of Findings by AIT Team of Expert on Tsunami Affected Areas in the South of Thailand.

Turner, J.R., & Muller (2004). Communication and Co-Operation on Projects Between the Poject.Between Owner as Principal and the Project Manager as Agent. European Management Journal of Institutional and Theorical Economics, Vol 22 No.3, pp. 327-336

Wolensky, R.P & Wolensky, K.C. (1990). Local Government’s Problem with Disaster Management: A literature Review and Structural Analysis. Policy Studies Review ,9(4), 703 725 Wyner, A.J., & Mann, D.E. (1983). Seismic Safety Policy In California: Local Governments and Earthquakes. Santa Barbara: Departurtement of political Science, University of California.

Quarentelli, E. L. (1997). Ten Criteria for Evaluating the Management of Community Disasters. Disaters, 21(1) pp.39-56

Undang-Undang, Peraturan Pemerintah, Peraturan Daerah dan Dokumen :

UU 24 tahun 2007 tentang penanggulangan bencana

Peraturan Presiden No.8 Tahun 2008 menyebutkan bahwa Unsur Pelaksana Penanggulangan Bencana

Peraturan Kepala BNPB 03 tahun 2012tentang Panduan Penilaian Kapasitas Daerah Dalam Penanggulangan Bencana

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31334/trans.v9i1.87

Copyright (c) 2017 Transparansi : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Administrasi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


View My Stats

Transparansi : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Administrasi

ISSN Media cetak2085-1162

ISSN Media online2622-0253

Email :[email protected]